Как можно и как нельзя использовать слово "very"?

15.04.2018

Что такое “very” ? Казалось бы, ответ очевиден: “very” – это по-английски «очень». И только постигая нюансы, начинаешь понимать, что не очень-то оно «очень»!

О чём нужно помнить, используя или слыша “very” ?

  1. Не ставьте “very” с глаголами. Это наречие сочетается с другими наречиями, с прилагательными, но не с глаголами. Такие сочетания Very like, very want, very agree, very hate, very need не употребляются!
  2. Можно сказать в конце “very much” или использовать “really”.

    I really like talking to you.

    I like talking to you very much.

  3. Very best? Да! Это не ошибка. Превосходная степень прилагательных усиливается наречием very! Очень лучший? Конечно же, нет! Самый лучший, наилучший. Опять же, кто вам сказал, что very – это только «очень»? Вы уже на втором пункте убеждаетесь, что это не так.
  4. very end, very start, very eyes, very heart - вот вам ещё very в значении «самый». Самый конец, самое начало, перед самыми глазами, в самом сердце. Very own – свой собственный. Very same – вот именно о том же самом. Но вот что значит «very much so»? Это означает «конечно, да», «разумеется», «это точно», «ясен пень», «само собой». Дословно «Очень даже так».
  5. It means so very much to me. Это вот так много значит для меня! Как вам такая фразочка? Не совсем по-русски? А то! Да, в английском сочетание “so very” вполне обычно. So very nice, so very hard. It’s so very hard to do. – Это так сложно сделать. Это такое тяжёлое дело. To do в конце? Тоже нормально.
  6. Не злоупотребляйте этим словом. В английском языке предостаточно слов для выражения степени: это и упомянутое выше really, также rather, quite, pretty (наречие «довольно»), astonishingly, absolutely, surprisingly, incredibly, dramatically, way too, far too, completely, so, such, much more, enough.
  7. Помните, что слово very не употребляется с прилагательными, которые уже имеют экстремальное, крайнее значение, то есть можно сказать very cold, но не very freezing.

Употребление ярких и сильных синонимов поможет вам избежать чрезмерного употребления слова very. Вместо very important говорите crucial, vital, essential. Речь будет богаче. Давайте рассмотрим ещё несколько примеров этих замечательных альтернатив!

  • very accurate: precise, exact, unimpeachable, perfect, flawless
  • very aggressive: forceful, overconfident, insistent, hardline
  • very amazed: astounded, flabbergasted, astonished, shocked
  • very angry: furious, irate, enraged, incensed, fuming, livid
  • very anxious: dismayed, apprehensive, restless, fretful
  • very aware: conscious, savvy, apprised, mindful, cognizant
  • very bad: awful, deplorable, appalling, rotten, miserable
  • very basic: rudimentary, primary, fundamental, simple
  • very beautiful: gorgeous, stunning, exquisite, magnificent
  • very bloody: gory, brutal, barbarous, savage, murderous
  • very bony: skeletal, angular, spindly, gaunt, emaciated
  • very boring: tedious, dreary, uninteresting, mind-numbing
  • very bright: brilliant, dazzling, radiant, blinding, intense
  • very capable: efficient, competent, adept, proficient, skillful
  • very careful: meticulous, fastidious, precise, scrupulous
  • very caring: compassionate, kind, attentive, sympathetic
  • very civil: polite, courteous, respectful, cultured, mannerly
  • very clean: spotless, immaculate, stainless, shining, hygienic
  • very clear: transparent, sheer, translucent, glassy, crystal
  • very clever: astute, brilliant, shrewd, ingenious, crafty, sharp
  • very cold: frigid, bitter, icy, freezing, glacial, frosty, polar
  • very colorful: vibrant, vivid, kaleidoscopic, variegated, vivid
  • very competitive: ambitious, driven, cutthroat, bloodthirsty
  • very concerned : worried, troubled, upset, distressed, agitated
  • very confident: poised, cool, self-assured, self-reliant, secure
  • very confused: baffled, befuddled, mystified, clueless, dazed
  • very conscious: deliberate, intentional, premeditated, willful
  • very consistent: constant, unfailing, uniform, harmonious, same
  • very contrary: belligerent, argumentative, confrontational
  • very conventional: conservative, common, predictable, unoriginal
  • very corrupt: fraudulent, crooked, unethical, dishonest, rotten
  • very creamy: velvety, buttery, rich, smooth, milky, greasy
  • very creepy: unnerving, skin-crawling, spooky, sinister, weird
  • very critical: vital, crucial, essential, indispensable, integral
  • very crunchy: crispy, brittle, crackling, gravelly, crusty, gritty
  • very curious: inquisitive, nosy, prying, snoopy, quizzical
  • very cute: adorable, endearing, delightful, pretty, charming
  • very dangerous: perilous, precarious, unsafe, treacherous, dicey
  • very dark: black, inky, ebony, sooty, lightless, starless, unlit
  • very decent: civilized, upright, courteous, respectable, noble
  • very deep: abysmal, bottomless, cavernous, yawning, vast
  • very deformed: twisted, contorted, misshapen, mutilated
  • very delicate: subtle, slight, fragile, frail, flimsy, insubstantial
  • very desperate: frantic, fraught, grave, serious, hopeless, dire
  • very determined: resolute, adamant, obstinate, tenacious, dogged
  • very different: unusual, distinctive, atypical, dissimilar, unlike
  • very difficult: complicated, complex, demanding, arduous
  • very dirty: filthy, foul, grimy, polluted, squalid, dilapidated
  • very disagreeable: contrary, obnoxious, offensive, repugnant, rude
  • very dismal: miserable, cheerless, depressing, morbid
  • very distinct: clear, definite, patent, evident, apparent
  • very dramatic: theatrical, histrionic, melodramatic, vivid
  • very dry: arid, parched, sere, dehydrated, withered
  • very dubious: suspicious, skeptical, cynical, unconvinced
  • very eager: impatient, ardent, fervent, keen, earnest
  • very easy: effortless, uncomplicated, unchallenging, simple
  • very educational: enlightening, edifying, informative, revealing
  • very efficient: competent, proficient, resourceful, able
  • very embarrassed: mortified, humiliated, discomfited, ashamed
  • very emotional: demonstrative, sensitive, temperamental
  • very enthusiastic: zealous, eager, fervent, vehement, ebullient
  • very exciting: exhilarating, electrifying, thrilling, breathtaking
  • very expensive: costly, exorbitant, overpriced, extravagant
  • very fair: equitable, impartial, neutral, nonpartisan
  • very faithful: loyal, devoted, staunch, unwavering, stalwart
  • very familiar: common, established, typical, traditional
  • very famous: renowned, eminent, legendary, celebrated
  • very far: distant, remote, isolated, secluded, extrasolar
  • very fast: rapid, swift, fleet, blistering, supersonic
  • very fat : obese, corpulent, rotund, blubbery, round
  • very fertile: prolific, productive, fruitful, rich, lush, fecund
  • very few: meager, scarce, scant, limited, negligible
  • very fierce: vicious, ferocious, savage, keen, intense, feral
  • very firm: solid, hard, rigid, set, frozen, unyielding
  • very fizzy: effervescent, frothy, foamy, sudsy
  • very fluffy: downy, fuzzy, fleecy, feathery, cottony
  • very fond: devoted, attentive, enamored, doting
  • very fragile: tenuous, unstable, precarious, frail, delicate
  • very friendly: gregarious, outgoing, chummy, demonstrative
  • very frustrating : exasperating, infuriating, disheartening, vexing
  • very full: overflowing, bursting, crammed, packed, sated
  • very funny: hilarious, hysterical, sidesplitting, rollicking
  • very good: superb, superior, excellent, outstanding
  • very gracefull: flowing, supple, lithe, willowy, lissome
  • very greedy: gluttonous, avaricious, materialistic, insatiable
  • very hairy: hirsute, shaggy, furry, bushy, unshaven
  • very happy: ecstatic, overjoyed, euphoric, blissful, elated
  • very hard: inflexible, stony, steely, unyielding, tough, rigid
  • very healthy: hale, hardy, flourishing, fit, robust, vigorous
  • very heavy: leaden, ponderous, weighty, dense, hefty
  • very helpful: supportive, obliging, accommodating, invaluable
  • very honest: candid, sincere, authentic, forthright, frank
  • very hot: burning, scalding, blistering, scorching, searing
  • very hungry: starving, famished, ravenous, hollow, voracious
  • very ill: infirm, bedridden, frail, terminal, incurable
  • very immature: childish, infantile, naive, jejune, callow, green
  • very immoral: depraved, decadent, debauched, iniquitous
  • very important: crucial, vital, essential, paramount, imperative
  • very impressive : extraordinary, remarkable, awe-inspiring
  • very inebriated: intoxicated, drunk, soused, smashed, plastered
  • very informal: casual, unceremonious, easygoing, simple
  • very intelligent: brainy, clever, bright, gifted, intellectual, astute
  • very intense: severe, extreme, fierce, overpowering, acute
  • very interesting: fascinating, remarkable, riveting, compelling
  • very jealous: envious, resentful, grudging, green, bitter
  • very juicy: succulent, moist, ripe, luscious, fleshy, syrupy
  • very large: huge, humongous, mammoth, gargantuan
  • very lavish: excessive, opulent, posh, luxurious, sumptuous
  • very light: buoyant, insubstantial, weightless, airy, ethereal
  • very likely: expected, imminent, probable, unavoidable
  • very lively: energetic, vivacious, exuberant, spirited
  • very logical: rational, cogent, credible, consistent, sound
  • very lonely: isolated, deserted, forlorn, solitary, abandoned
  • very long: extended, extensive, interminable, protracted
  • very loud: deafening, thunderous, booming, blaring
  • very loved: adored, precious, cherished, revered, beloved
  • very lucky: charmed, blessed, favored, fortunate, fluky
  • very moody: morose, temperamental, unstable, changeable
  • very much: plenty, oceans, heaps, scads, oodles, loads
  • very much so: of course, okay, yes, absolutely, precisely
  • very musical: melodic, melodious, harmonious, dulcet
  • very near: handy, close-by, alongside, convenient, nearby
  • very neat: orderly, tidy, uncluttered, immaculate, spotless
  • very negative: pessimistic, defeatist, cynical, critical, fatalistic
  • very new: novel, innovative, fresh, original, cutting-edge
  • very nice: enjoyable, pleasant, agreeable, satisfying
  • very numerous: abundant, copious, myriad, profuse
  • very obvious: apparent, clear, evident, plain, visible
  • very occasionally: seldom, rarely, infrequently, sporadically
  • very old: grizzled, aged, hoary, ancient, grey, decrepit
  • very opinionated: dogmatic, cocksure, biased, partisan
  • very optimistic: enthusiastic, buoyant, encouraged, positive
  • very painful: excruciating, agonizing, searing, unbearable
  • very pale: white, pallid, ashen, sallow, colorless, pasty
  • very persuasive: convincing, believable, compelling, charming
  • very pleasant: satisfying, fulfilling, rewarding, gratifying
  • very poor: destitute, indigent, penniless, impoverished
  • very popular: trendy, fashionable, admired, prevalent
  • very positive: optimistic, upbeat, affirmative, constructive
  • very practical: realistic, sensible, functional, doable, viable
  • very presentable: shipshape, well-groomed, tidy, personable
  • very pure: unadulterated, wholesome, pristine, clean
  • very quiet: noiseless, silent, still, hushed, soundless
  • very rare: scarce, sparse, unique, exceptional, peerless
  • very realistic: genuine, credible, authentic, rational, true
  • very reasonable: equitable, judicious, sensible, practical, fair
  • very recent: the latest, current, fresh, up-to-date
  • very relevant: germane, pertinent, appropriate, significant
  • very religious: spiritual, devout, pious, fervent, dedicated
  • very responsible: dependable, conscientious, reliable, steadfast
  • very risky: perilous, hazardous, treacherous, precarious
  • very roomy: spacious, expansive, vast, palatial, commodious
  • very rough: coarse, jagged, rugged, craggy, gritty, broken
  • very rowdy: boisterous, disorderly, raucous, unruly, wild
  • very rude: vulgar, insolent, offensive, derogatory, boorish
  • very sad: desolate, disconsolate, wretched, dejected
  • very safe: harmless, benign, secure, protected, sheltered
  • very same: identical, matching, indistinguishable, exact
  • very sassy: impertinent, cheeky, insolent, disrespectful
  • very scared: terrified, petrified, terror-stricken, panicked
  • very serious: solemn, somber, stern, dour, melancholy, grim
  • very severe: acute, grave, critical, serious, brutal, relentless
  • very shaky: tremulous, quaking, vibrating, unsteady
  • very short: stubby, squat, dwarf, diminutive, petite
  • very shy: timid, backward, introverted, withdrawn
  • very significant: key, noteworthy, momentous, major, vital
  • very silky: sleek, smooth, satiny, glossy, lustrous, shiny
  • very similar: alike, akin, analogous, comparable, equivalent
  • very simple: easy, straightforward, effortless, uncomplicated
  • very slow: sluggish, sedate, plodding, creeping, snail-like
  • very small: tiny, miniscule, infinitesimal, microscopic, wee
  • very smooth: flat, glassy, polished, level, even, unblemished
  • very soft: malleable, yielding, spongy, muted, doughy
  • very sorry: remorseful, repentant, penitent, contrite
  • very sour: acerbic, tart, vinegary, biting, harsh, caustic
  • very specific: precise, exact, explicit, definite, unambiguous
  • very stinky: putrid, fetid, rank, rancid, putrescent, noxious
  • very strange: weird, eerie, bizarre, uncanny, peculiar, odd
  • very strict: stern, austere, severe, rigorous, harsh, rigid
  • very strong: muscular, brawny, rugged, powerful, tough
  • very stupid: idiotic, dense, vacuous, ridiculous, inane
  • very substantial : considerable, significant, extensive, ample
  • very successful: lucrative, productive, thriving, prosperous
  • very sudden: unexpected, abrupt, precipitous, unforeseen
  • very suitable: appropriate, fitting, seemly, proper, correct
  • very sure: positive, persuaded, certain, convinced, absolute
  • very suspicious: skeptical, distrustful, wary, guarded, leery
  • very sweet: syrupy, sugary, honeyed, cloying, candied
  • very tactile: touchable, palpable, physical, perceptible
  • very tall: towering, lofty, multistory, soaring, statuesque
  • very tame: docile, submissive, meek, compliant, subdued
  • very tasty: delectable, mouthwatering, scrumptious, divine
  • very tempting: irresistible, enticing, tantalizing, alluring
  • very tense: overwrought, rigid, taut, strained, agitated
  • very terrible: dreadful, horrendous, horrific, shocking
  • very thin: gaunt, scrawny, emaciated, haggard, skeletal
  • very tired: exhausted, spent, frazzled, bushed, drained
  • very traditional: conventional, established, customary, habitual
  • very treacherous: traitorous, disloyal, unfaithful, perfidious
  • very ugly: hideous, revolting, repugnant, grotesque
  • very unfair: unjust, bigoted, prejudiced, inequitable
  • very unlikely: improbable, implausible, doubtful, dubious
  • very unusual: abnormal, extraordinary, uncommon, unique
  • very useful: expedient, effective, nifty, handy, valuable
  • very valuable: precious, priceless, treasured, inestimable
  • very violent: abusive, savage, barbarous, cutthroat, cruel
  • very visible: conspicuous, exposed, obvious, prominent
  • very warm: stifling, hot, sultry, sweltering, oppressive
  • very wary: skeptical, suspicious, leery, vigilant, distrustful
  • very weak: feeble, frail, delicate, debilitated, fragile, sickly
  • very well: superb, fine, fabulous, all right, okay, good
  • very wet: saturated, soaked, waterlogged, sopping
  • very wicked: evil, sinful, villainous, nefarious, fiendish
  • very wide: vast, expansive, sweeping, boundless, distended
  • very widespread: extensive, pervasive, prevalent, rampant
  • very wild: untamed, feral, unmanageable, uncontrollable
  • very windy: roaring, blustery, turbulent, howling, wild
  • very wise: sagacious, sage, astute, enlightened, shrewd
  • very worried: distressed, distraught, overwrought, upset
  • very young: undeveloped, fledgling, immature, budding
  • very zealous: driven, ambitious, motivated, passionate
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